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E-News Beat #2

October 2021  |  News and latest updates

A word on High Priority Investments

Component 2 of the LVB IWRM Programme focuses on the realisation of High Priority Infrastructure Investments (HPIs), which aim to reduce the pollution of the surface water in the Basin. During the preparation phase of the Programme in 2016, four investment projects that address the pressing and ‘no-regret’ issue of wastewater and sanitation were selected, using a structured selection process.

So what’s planned for Kenya?

Kenya, Kisumu


Informal Settlement Sanitation

High priority justification

The sanitary conditions in the informal settlements in Kisumu are at a critical level with insufficient and inadequate facilities. Open sewers in Manyatta A, one of these settlements, are discharging into a storm water channel (Auji channel), which is directly draining into the Winam Gulf of Lake Victoria. The existing wastewater treatment plant has sufficient capacity to treat the wastewater from Manyatta A, but is underutilised.



Kisumu, located on the shores of Lake Victoria, is the third-largest city in Kenya and the second-largest city in the Lake Victoria Basin. It is the most important inland port in the Lake Victoria circuit.


Manyatta A is a planned informal settlement in Kisumu City, covering an area of about 2.4 km2 with a population of about 46,000. Wastewater is collected in open sewers, ultimately draining into Lake Victoria. The HPI is considered an important pilot project for informal settlement sanitation. The project envisages the collection of wastewater through expanding the urban sewerage system with so called infill sewers and conveying it to the existing Nyalenda wastewater treatment plant. Households with private latrines will be able to connect to the sewer system, while for the poorer populations without private sanitary facilities, public ablution blocks will be constructed. Also, four primary schools within the project area will be provided with ablution blocks.

At national level, the project is implemented in close collaboration with the Lake Victoria South Water Works Development Authority (LVSWWDA), which represents the National Project Executing Agency.


The feasibility study stage has been concluded and the related Feasibility Study Report has been approved by the NPEA (LVSWWDA) and cleared to move forward by KfW. The draft Project and Funding Agreement (PFA) is to be concluded between the LVBC and LVSWWDA and its implementation is ready and it can be signed as soon as the Programme extension is granted, and the investment financing gap of EUR 3.6 million secured.

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