One of the ways to achieve the goals of the programme is to mobilize investments for IWRM infrastructure funding. A project pipeline is under development and High Priority Investments (HPIs) contributing to reducing the pollution load and improving the water quality in the Lake Victoria Basin are being selected. This will be mostly investments in wastewater collection and treatment, faecal sludge collection and treatment and solid waste management. IWRM however is broader than only a focus on water quality; it includes a wide array of sectors in which water is essential, including agriculture, irrigation, forestry, industry, hydropower, and fisheries etc.
Initially the focus is on investments in wastewater collection and treatment. Later in the programme the scope may be broadened, whilst other Development Partners may be interested in investing in other IWRM sectors.
The LVB IWRM Project Cycle
The LVB IWRM project cycle consists of 5 Phases and 10 steps as shown below. The Project cycle is described in detail in the Investment Planning Operational Manual (IPOM – Sep 2021).
In Phase I, project ideas are identified on the basis of urgent needs and priorities. Eligibility, priority and selection criteria will filter the projects to arrive at a shortlist of High Priority Investments (HPIs).
In Phase II, Feasibility Studies will be carried out for the shortlisted projects. The FS will include field investigations, conceptual design, costs estimates, Financial and Institutional analysis, Environmental and Social impact screening and risk analysis. After the final approval of the FS, a Project and Funding Agreement (PFA) will be signed between LVBC and National Project Executing Agencies (NPEA).
In Phase III, detailed designs and final cost estimates will be developed, Environmental and Social Impact Assessments made, and permit applications prepared. The works will be tendered through pre-qualification, shortlisting and Request for Proposal.
Project implementation in Phase IV includes construction of works, testing performance, training and a handover.
In between phases, go/no go decisions will be taken, and not all projects may be finalized if unexpected problems appear, or when conditions are changing. The successful projects enter the operational Phase V after transfer of ownership of the built assets, handover to the operator (service provider) and final acceptance.
The LVB IWRM Investment Project Pipeline
The LVB IWRMP project pipeline represents projects which are or will be funded through the LVB IWRMP. The pipeline provides an overview of projects in each stage of the project cycle and provides information on the status and progress of each project. The pipeline is currently under development and will be completed in the 4th quarter of 2022.
The process of developing a second round of HPIs has started in the last quarter of 2021 with visits to the Partner States and thereby introduction of the IPOM stipulated principles of the project identification and selection process. Altogether five meetings “call for projects” were conducted, where the last meeting by end of March 2022, was held in Bujumbura, Burundi. All relevant stakeholders have been informed about the project selection process, how to develop project proposals and how those proposals are screened for eligibility using established criteria. Each country is now prepared to submit up to five project proposals utilising a specific online form called PIF (Project Identification Form).
For this second investment cycle, preferably project proposals for the collection and treatment of wastewater to facilitate the reduction of BOD in the LVB are expected. It is also important that the projects have a climate change adaptation / resilience aspect. HPIs not prioritised by KfW will be included in the pipeline of projects and be promoted for funding by other Development Partners/ Investors.
The progress of developing the PIFs is now in different levels of preparation:
Uganda: New project proposals are identified and discussed. The selection of projects for submission is in progress. Projects will be located within the city of Kampala. Feasibility Studies are partly available, and a Sanitation Master Plan is under development.
Kenya: The selection of project proposals is at an advanced stage. The submission of the first PIFs have been received from the towns of Homa Bay and Migori. Feasibility Studies are available.
Tanzania: Wastewater projects are identified in Mwanza and are at an advanced stage of preparation. Draft PIFs have already been provided for a first screening. Feasibility Studies are available.
Rwanda: Several stakeholders have identified relevant projects which are in line with the LVBC program principles. First submissions are expected soon.
Burundi: has started the process at a later stage. Nevertheless, the stakeholders are keen to formulate project proposals and will increase efforts to submit valuable project proposals in the coming months.