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Project Cycle

Project Cycle

Infrastructure Investments

One of the ways to achieve the goals of the programme is to mobilize investments for IWRM infrastructure funding. A pipeline of 25 projects has been developed and High Priority Investments (HPIs) contributing to reducing the pollution load and improving the water quality in the Lake Victoria Basin are being selected. This will be mostly investments in wastewater collection and treatment, faecal sludge collection and treatment and solid waste management. IWRM however is broader than only a focus on water quality; it includes a wide array of areas in which water is essential, including agriculture, irrigation, forestry, industry, hydropower, and fisheries. The investments may be located in upstream and downstream locations, while both grey and green infrastructure are relevant.

The LVB IWRM Project Cycle

The LVB IWRM project cycle consists of 5 Phases and 10 steps as shown below. The Project cycle is described in detail in the Investment Planning Operational Manual (IPOM – Sep 2021).



In Phase I, project ideas are identified on the basis of urgent needs and priorities. Eligibility, priority and selection criteria will filter the projects to arrive at a shortlist of High Priority Investments (HPIs).

In Phase II, Feasibility Studies will be carried out for the shortlisted projects. The FS will include field investigations, conceptual design, costs estimates, Financial and Institutional analysis, Environmental and Social impact screening and risk analysis. After the final approval of the FS, a Project and Funding Agreement (PFA) will be signed between LVBC and National Project Executing Agencies (NPEA). 

In Phase III, detailed designs and final cost estimates will be developed, Environmental and Social Impact Assessments made, and permit applications prepared. The works will be tendered through pre-qualification, shortlisting and Request for Proposal.

Project implementation in Phase IV includes construction of works, testing performance, training and a handover.

In between phases, go/no go decisions will be taken, and not all projects may be finalized if unexpected problems appear, or when conditions are changing. The successful projects enter the operational Phase V after transfer of ownership of the built assets, handover to the operator (service provider) and final acceptance.


The LVB IWRM Investment Project Pipeline

The LVB IWRMP project pipeline represents 25 projects which are or will be funded through the LVB IWRMP. The pipeline provides an overview of projects in each stage of the project cycle and provides information on the status and progress of each project.

The process of developing a second round of HPIs has started in the last quarter of 2021 with visits to the Partner States and thereby introduction of the IPOM stipulated principles of the project identification and selection process. Altogether five meetings “call for projects” were conducted. All relevant stakeholders have been informed about the project selection process, how to develop project proposals and how those proposals are screened for eligibility using established criteria. Each country has prepared five project proposals utilising a specific online form called PIF (Project Identification Form).

For this second investment cycle, preferably project proposals for the collection and treatment of wastewater to facilitate the reduction of BOD in the LVB are expected. It is also important that the projects have a climate change adaptation / resilience aspect. HPIs not prioritised by KfW will be included in the pipeline of projects and be promoted for funding by other Development Partners/ Investors.

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